Treblinka was a Nazi concentration camp built in a forest North-East of Warsaw. The camp had two parts: Treblinka I was a work camp while Treblinka II, built later, was an extermination camp. Active from July 1942 – October 1943, around 800000 Jews were killed in Treblinka’s II gas chambers. The camps have become a museum that recognizes the horrors that took place and honors those who were killed.
When the German Occupation began, the Nazi’s ordered for a walled ghetto to be constructed. The entire Jewish population of Warsaw and its suburbs were forced into the ghetto, combining into a population of 400,000. Living conditions inside the ghetto were appalling, with many individuals dying of starvation and disease. Anyone caught trying to escape was shot in place.
Wladyslaw Szpilman, the protagonist of the widely known film “The Pianist”, was a Polish musician and composer. In the summer of 1944, Spzilman was hiding from the Nazi’s in an abandoned building in Warsaw after escaping from the ghetto. He was discovered by Captain Wilm Hosenfeld, and the pianist’s life was spared after his play of “Chopin’s Ballade in G Minor” for the Captain. In 2011, a commemorative plaque was placed on the building where Hosenfeld discovered Szpilman.
Oskar Schindler, a German manufacturer and member of the Nazi party, is ascribed for saving the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust. In 1939, Schindler obtained an enamelware factory in Krakow which employed 1,750 workers, of which 1,000 were Jewish. His connections with the Nazi Party allowed him to keep his employees safe. Schindler’s actions saved his Jew employees from the gas chambers at the death camps. His story has been popularized in the famous Spielberg movie “Schindler’s List”. As well nowadays you can visit the original factory in Krakow where a museum has been installed.
The Hitler’s headquater
Serving as one of the most famous Nazi Headquarters during the invasion of the Soviet Union, the complex had around 200 buildings including shelters, barracks, and two airports. Hitler himself spent over 800 days at the Lair with his final departure in November 1944. The Wolf’s Lair is located in the Masurian Woods, and visitors regularly make a day trip from other Polish cities to see the complex.
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